Historically, much of the Midwest was dominated by prairie. Prairie Restoration is the act of reintroducing native plantings. Native plantings consist of prairie, woodland and wetland species. Planting these species together creates a complex system that benefits the quality of the natural environment. Necessary elements of a prairie are plants, soils, wildlife and fire. Prairie plants have root systems that reach down three to ten feet in comparison to turf grass root systems that reach down a mere three to four inches thus allowing water to percolate into the soil.