Native plants are plants that are specific to a certain region in that they have been there for a very long time (Prior to European Settlement). Native plants of the Midwest have extremely deep root systems. When limitations such as lack of space make complete native restoration not a viable option, choosing them over non-native plants has many of the same benefits. Native plants exist in perennial, grass, shrub and tree form. Examples include: Black-eyed Susan, Purple Coneflower, Mountain Mint, Wild Iris, Tall Joe Pye Weed, Prairie Dropseed, Switch Grass, Indiangrass, Smooth Sumac, Common Juniper, White Pine, Cottonwood, Sugar Maple, Paper Birch and Prairie Crabapple.